Is Baclofen a Narcotic?
Baclofen (Lioresal®, Gablofen®) is a prescription medication approved to treat spasticity caused by conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy, or spinal cord injuries or diseases. Baclofen is not a narcotic. Although it is not fully understood exactly how the drug works to treat spasticity, it is chemically similar to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a chemical messenger in the central nervous system. The primary activity of GABA is to inhibit nerve signals, and baclofen might have actions that are similar to this.
Baclofen intrathecal infusion (delivered directly to the spinal cord by a pump) works to provide the medication directly to the spinal cord. This, to some extent, spares the rest of the body from side effects.
Although baclofen is not a narcotic and is not an addictive medication, it can cause severe withdrawal symptoms if stopped too quickly. Severe cases can even be fatal. Do not stop taking baclofen without your healthcare provider's approval and supervision.
(Click Baclofen to read the complete eMedTV article, which discusses how this medication works and provides detailed information on its effects, potential side effects, and general precautions.)